Wanna Join My Department? Tenure Track Job Posting in Disease Ecology/Evolution!

So, rolling into year two here in the Biology Department at UMass Boston, I have to say I’m having a delightful time. Fabulous colleagues (who I’m already co-authoring papers with – that’s just how we roll), a easy access to multiple field sites and stations, a deliciously nerdy intellectual scene throughout Boston, a brand-spankin’-new School for the Environment, and a nice waterfront setting.

Yep, this is us!

Yep, this is us!

So, I’m pleased to announce that we’re hiring a disease ecologist/evolutionary biologist type in our department. And by disease, we’re talking broadly – microbes, viruses, parasites, you name it! Into chytrid fungus? Awesome. Coral disease? Cool. Evolution of echinoderm wasting diseases and their interaction with ocean warming? Bueno. Crazy theoretical modeling of multi-host disease dynamics in wild arboreal cow and wolverine communities? Fantastico! (also, where can I find these wild arboreal cows?)

The text of the ad is below, and can be found here. The application form is at http://umb.interviewexchange.com/candapply.jsp?JOBID=42747&jobboard=148


The Biology Department at the University of Massachusetts, Boston seeks applicants for a full-time tenure track Assistant Professor in the Ecology/Evolution of Diseases in natural or domesticated populations starting in September 1, 2014. Successful applicants will be well versed in evolutionary and ecological theory of host-pathogen relationships, and engaged in research on the ecological circumstances and evolutionary processes associated with epidemics and their impacts on natural populations. Applications will be particularly welcome from candidates who are working on some aspect of global change, biodiversity, or evolutionary genomics and who utilize creative experimental approaches that investigate how host-pathogen interactions affect the structure, dynamics and function of communities and ecosystems (marine, terrestrial or aquatic). The successful applicant is expected to establish an externally funded research program, direct the research of students at the undergraduate, masters and doctoral levels, and interact with a dynamic group of ecologists and environmental biologists.

Excellence in teaching at the undergraduate and graduate levels is expected. A Ph.D. and postdoctoral training (or equivalent professional experience) in population genetics, ecology or evolution is required.

The University has a strong faculty with substantial research and doctoral programs in Environmental Biology; Molecular, Cellular and Organismal Biology; and Environmental Sciences. Excellent opportunities exist to collaborate and engage in multidisciplinary research on campus, across the five UMass campuses and at UMass Boston’s Nantucket Field Station.

Application materials must be submitted online. Please include a statement of teaching and research interests and goals, curriculum vitae, and 3-5 representative reprints. Applicants should also arrange for three letters of reference to be sent to Ecology/ Evolution Pathogens Search, Biology Department, University of Massachusetts, 100 Morrissey Blvd., Boston, MA 02125.

For further information, visit the Biology Department website at http://www.umb.edu/academics/csm/biology, or contact Ron Etter, Chair of Search Committee, at ron.etter@umb.edu or (617)-287-6613. Review of applications will begin on November 15, 2013 and will continue until the position is filled.

The application can be found at http://umb.interviewexchange.com/candapply.jsp?JOBID=42747&jobboard=148

Cocktail Week: Dark n’ Stormy Effects on Kelps

It is cocktail week over at Deep Sea News. And it has been glorious, with marine biology themed cocktails galore. As a cocktilian myself, I felt that I had to kick in, well, a real classic. I classic that, I daresay, may lay at the root of kelp forest ecology itself. And yet may be under threat.

“Wait, what?” I hear you saying. Let me explain.

Kelps are incredible. I mean, this is a clade of algae with members who can grow a foot per day, that form giant forests that rival the redwoods in beauty, that embrace diversity looking like everything from a mini-palm-tree to a majestic pair of antlers 60 feet high, to a lasagna noodle.

The awesomeness of kelps knows no bounds.

What is truly incredible about kelps is the way they feed the whole frackin’ shorline. Not only do they get nibbled on by all manner of snail, amphipod, urchin, and fish, but they also shed off prodigious amounts of sea-snot (a highly technical term) that can nourish rich productive bacterial communities. But they don’t stop there. This delicious mucilage and bits of kelp ripped off and churned up in the surf into tiny little bits can get recirculated by all manner of filter feeders hanging around on the sea floor. So, they feed grazers and filter feeders and bacteria, all at once, without breaking a… well, ok, maybe you can consider their mucous ‘kelp-sweat’, but, you get what I’m saying.

Would that only be the way they feed the world around them, it would have been enough. But kelps don’t stop there.

Rather, the lose a ton of their prodigious productivity all the time. They’re constantly sloughing off ends of blades, whole fronds, and in storms often whole individuals come loose and fly out into the ocean only to settle down and get eaten by all manner of scavengers. Heck, kelps are so awesome, that they turn many hungry grazer into passive little detritivores who sit and wait for kelpy manna to rain down on them. And not just in the ocean, but up on beaches, too! They feed the ocean, *and* the land.

Wooo!  Kelp in flow!  Food for all! From http://www.clf.org/blog/ocean-conservation/treasure-on-cashes-ledge-an-ocean-refuge-in-need-of-protection/

Wooo! Kelp in flow! Food for all! From http://www.clf.org/blog/ocean-conservation/treasure-on-cashes-ledge-an-ocean-refuge-in-need-of-protection/

(FYI, for a lot of the references on this, see excellent work by folk like Kira Krumhansl, Dan Reed and the good folk at the SBC LTER, Dave Duggins, and many more)

That storms are a major driver of kelp detritus getting shunted out in to the vasty deeps and sunny sands is a major paradigm in kelp forest research. We see correlations between wave heights and kelp loss in many systems, and the major kelp die-back of the year in many systems is often correlated with the biggest storm events of the year.

So the threat? A fascinating piece this week in Limnology & Oceanography by Bettignies et al. that details kelps in Australia eroding into detritus not because of storms, but rather potentially as a tradeoff for reproduction. As they reproduce, tissues become weaker and slough off. However, once sloughed, the smaller more svelte kelps are actually more resisitant to the high wave action that comes right afterwards. So, while a broad-brush look might make it look like kelp loss happens around the same time as big storms, a close look at timing, physiology, and kelp adaptations shows that the story is far more interesting.

Will this hold elsewhere? Time will tell. But in the meantime, let’s drink a glass to big intense storms and their kelp-removing powers. I speak, of course, of the Dark N’ Stormy.

Dark-and-Stormy-1-1017x1024

I do not know the shrouded origins of this fine beverage, nor how it made its way into marine science. All I know is that at any marine lab I have visited, you will find passionate devotees. Long day in the field? Lab equipment break down on you? Stuck debugging R code while everyone else is in the fun and sun? Time for a Dark n’ Stormy evening. And if you have a favorite ginger beer? Be ready for some arguments.

And so, the Dark n’ Stormy (as taught to me maaaany years ago at a field station)

Dark n’ Stormy
2 oz. Gosling’s Black Seal rum
1/2 a lime
Ginger beer (I go with Reed’s and typically use 1/2 of a 12 oz. bottle)

Fill tall glass with ice. Pour over rum, juice of lime, and fill with ginger beer. Huck in your lime husk, stir, and sip. Contemplate the role of disturbance versus reproductive timing in kelp removal across the globe.

An Open Letter to ISI Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar, and SciVerse Scopus

A bit of context first. This letter arose as a result of discussions regarding citations practices in meta-analyses on Twitter several weeks ago. We all agreed citations of work within meta-analyses should be counted, but noted that many modern citation counting services disregard any citations not in the main body of a paper. Appendix citations are dropped, however. And due to a variety of restrictions, we often only cite the papers we use as data in appendices, and so are not counted. Our discussion resulted in the following letter that sixty-eight scientists around the globe have signed. I look forward to further fruitful discussion with the organizations above (who have been contacted) and hope that this situation is corrected.

Update 1: Within a few minutes, Chris from Web of Knowledge contacted me to make sure he had the details correct, and has forwarded this to the WoK Dev team. We’ll see if they get in contact.

Update 2: More signatures added on Nov 24, 2013. We’re now at 72.

Update 3: Despite also hearing from SCOPUS that this was being forwarded on to their product manager, no word back. Also, no word from GS, despite this being sent directly to members of their dev team by common contacts.

Dear Staff & Support Teams,

We are writing as a community of researchers in ecology, evolution and conservation biology who rely on the citation metrics you provide. We love your service, and, frankly, depend on it for a wide variety of reasons (e.g., identifying research trends, finding relevant papers, evaluating the influence of papers/researchers). However, in one respect your counts are becoming increasingly inaccurate. We have come to realize that citations – sometimes hundreds of them – that we have made in the appendices of our own published papers are not being counted by your service. We felt obligated to bring this issue to your attention, as it affects the accuracy and reliability of your statistics.

We are a group of researchers who conduct meta-analyses: analyses of published data, typically gathered by extracting data from published scientific papers. The standard practice in our and many other fields is to include citations to works that we use for data – but in the case of meta-analyses in particular, these citations do not necessarily appear in the main reference section of our papers. As meta-analyses regularly get their data from 50+ papers, and journals often have strict space limits and limits on the number of references, the citations are often included in supplementary material, most of which are online only (SOMs). These appendices are subject to the same level of peer review as the core article.

As far as we understand, citations in SOMs are not recorded by you. Hence, the papers we cite do not receive the proper citation credit, and the citation lists you provide for our own papers are incomplete. The failure to consider references in SOMs – particularly in the case of meta-analyses – severely reduces the accuracy of the citation counts you present for each paper. It is also poses a huge ethical problem for us because it means that we do not give proper credit, in the form of a citation, to the many superb scientists whose high-quality work is the jumping-off point for our own analyses. In turn, these colleagues of ours may be less inclined to be charitable when we come asking for data contributions to future meta-analyses.

We ask that you consider including citations garnered from supplementary online materials in academic journals.

If there is any way that we can facilitate this by contacting journals and editors in our own fields, we are more than happy to help. We feel very strongly about correcting this problem, and hope it can lead to some tangible benefits for both you and countless numbers of scientists.

Thank you, and we look forward to engaging in a productive dialogue about this issue.

Signed,

Jarrett Byrnes
Department of Biology
University of Massachusetts Boston
Boston, MA 02125

Ross Mounce
Department of Biology & Biochemistry
University of Bath
Bath, BA2 7AY
UK

Alexander Bond
Department of Biology
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E2
Canada

John Griffin
Department of Biosciences
Swansea University
Swansea, Wales, SA28PP
UK

Mark Anthony Browne
National Center for Ecological Analysis & Synthesis
University of California, Santa Barbara
735 State Street, Suite 300
Santa Barbara, CA 93101-3351

Gavin Simpson
Institute of Environmental Change and Society
University of Regina
3737 Wascana Parkway,
Regina, SK S4S 0A2
Canada

Michael P. Taylor
Department of Earth Sciences
University of Bristol
Bristol BS8 1RJ
UK

Julia Stewart
National Center for Ecological Analysis & Synthesis
University of California, Santa Barbara
735 State Street, Suite 300
Santa Barbara, CA 93101-3351

Mary Hunsicker
National Center for Ecological Analysis & Synthesis
University of California, Santa Barbara
735 State Street, Suite 300
Santa Barbara, CA 93101-3351

Robert Lanfear
Ecology, Evolution, and Genetics
Australian National University
116 Daley Road, Acton
Canberra, ACT 2602
Australia

Ethan White
Department of Biology and The Ecology Center
Utah State University
5305 Old Main Hill
Logan, UT 84341
United States

Morgan Ernest
Department of Biology and The Ecology Center
Utah State University
5305 Old Main Hill
Logan, UT 84341
United States

Noam Ross
Department of Environmental Science and Policy
University of California at Davis
1 Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
twitter: @noamross

Trevor A. Branch
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences
University of Washington
Seattle, WA, 98195
United States
twitter: @TrevorABranch

Philip Martin
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology,
Wallingford,
Oxfordshire.
OX10 8BB.
UK.
twitter:@_PhilMartin

Kyle Edwards
Kellogg Biological Station
Michigan State University
3700 E. Gull Lake Dr.
Hickory Corners, MI 49060

Jonathan S. Lefcheck
Virginia Institute of Marine Science
The College of William & Mary
Gloucester Point, VA 23062

Terry McGlynn
Department of Biology
California State University Dominguez Hills
1000 E. Victoria St.
Carson, CA 90747
USA

Karthik Ram
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720
USA

Daniel Falster
Biological Sciences,
Macquarie University NSW 2109,
Australia

Bradley Cardinale
School of Natural Resources & Environment
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48103

Ignasi Bartomeus
Postdoctoral Researcher
Department of Ecology,
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,
SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden
@ibartomeus

Sean Tuck
Department of Plant Sciences
University of Oxford
South Parks Road
OX1 3RB

Helen Phillips
Department of Ecology and Evolution
Imperial College London
Silwood Park Campus
SL5 7PY

Mark Westoby
Dept of Biological Sciences
Macquarie University, Sydney NSW 2109 Australia

Thomas White
Dept of Biological Sciences
Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109
Australia

Gregory Carey
School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
Queen Mary, University of London
London
E1 4NS

Adam Algar
School of Geography
University of Nottingham
Nottingham NG7 2RE
UK

J. Emmett Duffy
Virginia Institute of Marine Science
The College of William and Mary
Gloucester Point, VA 23062-1346

Eduardo S. A. Santos
Departamento de Ecologia
Universidade de São Paulo
Rua do Matão, 321 – Trav. 14, sala 243
Cid. Universitária – São Paulo, SP
05508-090
Brazil

Lauri Laanisto
Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Kreutzwaldi 5, 51014, Tartu
Estonia

Emilio M. Bruna
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation &
Center for Latin American Studies
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611-0430

Julian A. Velasco
Laboratorio de Análisis Espaciales
Instituto de Zoología
Universidad Nacional Autonóma de México
México, D.F. CP. 04510
Phone: (55) 5622-8222 ext: 47880

Timothée E. Poisot
Theoretical Ecology Group
Université du Quebec a Rimouski
Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Sciences
Rimouski, QC, Canada

Steven J. Cooke
Biology Department
Carleton University
Ottawa, ON, K1S 5B6, Canada

Mick Watson
Director of ARK-Genomics
The University of Edinburgh
Edinburgh, UK
EH25 9RG

Xiao Xiao
Department of Biology and The Ecology Center
Utah State University
5305 Old Main Hill
Logan, UT 84341
United States

Joshua King
Biology Department
University of Central Florida
Orlando, FL 32816

Andrew D. Steen
Department of Microbiology
University of Tennessee Knoxville, TN 37996

Chris Harrod
School of Biological Sciences
Queen’s University, Belfast
BT9 7BL
UK

Allen Hurlbert
Department of Biology
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280

Mike S. Fowler
Department of Biosciences
Swansea University
Swansea, SA2 8PP
UK

Dieter Lukas
Department of Zoology
University of Cambridge
Cambridge, CB23EJ
UK

Kate Boersma
Department of Zoology
Oregon State University
Corvallis, OR 97331

Ramón E. Martínez-Grimaldo
Instituto de Biología
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Fernando T. Maestre
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
Departamento de Biología y Geología
Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología
C/ Tulipán s/n, Móstoles, 28933
SPAIN

Andrew B. Cooper
School of Resource and Environmental Management
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, British Columbia, CANADA V5A 1S6

Josef C. Uyeda
Institute for Bioinformatics and Evolutionary Studies
University of Idaho
Moscow, Idaho 83844

Elita Baldridge
Department of Biology and The Ecology Center
Utah State University
5305 Old Main Hill
Logan, UT 84341
United States

Franciska T. de Vries
Faculty of Life Sciences
Michael Smith Building
The University of Manchester
Oxford Road
Manchester
M13 9PT
United Kingdom

Aidan M. Keith
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Lancaster Environment Centre
Library Avenue
Bailrigg, Lancaster
LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
@Aidan_M_Keith

Christophe Thebaud
UMR “Evolution & Biological Diversity”
CNRS & Univ Paul Sabatier
F-31062 Toulouse
France

Rafael D. Zenni
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Tennessee
Knoxville, TN
USA

Natalie Cooper
School of Natural Sciences
Trinity College Dublin
Dublin 2, Ireland

Philippe Desjardins-Proulx
Université du Québec à Montréal
Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Sciences
Rimouski, Québec
Canada

Lars Gamfeldt
Deparment of Biological and Environmental Sciences
University of Gothenburg
Gothenburg, Sweden

Mark Hahnel
figshare
4 Crinan Street
London
N1 9XW
UK

Jessica Couture
National Center for Ecological Analysis & Synthesis
University of California, Santa Barbara
735 State Street, Suite 300
Santa Barbara, CA 93101-3351

Jarrod Cusens
Institute for Applied Ecology New Zealand
Auckland University of Technology
31-33 Symonds Street
Auckland
New Zealand

Steph Borrelle
Institute for Applied Ecology New Zealand
Auckland University of Technology
31-33 Symonds Street
Auckland
New Zealand

Nick Isaac
NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Wallingford OX10 9QA
UK

Sally Keith
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
James Cook University
Townsville, QLD 4811
Australia

Sarah Supp
Department of Ecology and Evolution
Stony Brook University
650 Life Sciences Building
Stony Brook, NY 11794-5245

Jessica Blois
School of Natural Sciences
5200 N. Lake Rd.
Merced, CA 95343
USA

Mike Whitfield
Botany, School of Natural Sciences
Trinity College
College Green
Dublin 2
Ireland

Richard J. Butler
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston
Birmingham, B15 2TT

Jens Kattge
Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
Hans Knoell Str. 10
07745 Jena
Germany

Scott Chamberlain
Biology Department
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6

Blaire Steven
Bioscience Department
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos, NM, USA, 87545

Santiago Soliveres
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
Departamento de Biología y Geología
Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología
C/ Tulipán s/n, Móstoles, 28933
SPAIN

Francis Brearley
School of Science and the Environment
Manchester Metropolitan University
Chester Street
Manchester
M1 5GD
UK

Michiel van Breugel
Smithsonian Tropical research Institute
Av. Rossevelt 401
Balboa, Ancon
Panama, Panama

Dylan James Craven, PhD.
Synthesis Centre for BioDiversity Sciences (sDiv)
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Leipzig, Germany